TS-4900 interrupts

From Technologic Systems Manuals

The i.MX6 CPU GPIO are also able to function as interrupts on rising and falling edges. This is accessible from the kernel as well as userspace. Userspace IRQs are exposed through the sysfs gpio mechanism. This example will trigger on a falling edge for GPIO 48:

echo "48" > /sys/class/gpio/export
echo "in" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio48/direction
echo "falling" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio48/edge

From here, an application can poll() or select() on the "/sys/class/gpio/gpio48/value" file and will return when the edge setting has been triggered:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/select.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
 
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	char gpio_irq[64];
	int ret, irqfd = 0, i = 0;
	fd_set fds;
	FD_ZERO(&fds);
	int buf;
 
	if(argc < 2) {
		printf("Usage: %s <gpio number>\n", argv[0]);
		return 1;
	}
 
	snprintf(gpio_irq, sizeof(gpio_irq), "/sys/class/gpio/gpio%d/value", atoi(argv[1]));
	irqfd = open(gpio_irq, O_RDONLY, S_IREAD);
 
	if(irqfd == -1) {
		printf("Could not open IRQ %s\n", argv[1]);
		printf("Make sure the GPIO is already exported", argv[1]);
		return 1;
	}

	// Read first since there is always an initial status
	ret = read(irqfd, &buf, sizeof(buf));

	while(1) {
		FD_SET(irqfd, &fds);
		// See if the IRQ has any data available to read
		ret = select(irqfd + 1, NULL, NULL, &fds, NULL);
 
		if(FD_ISSET(irqfd, &fds))
		{
			FD_CLR(irqfd, &fds);  //Remove the filedes from set
			printf("IRQ detected %d\n", i);
			fflush(stdout);
			i++;
			
			/* The return value includes the actual GPIO register value */
			read(irqfd, &buf, sizeof(buf));
			lseek(irqfd, 0, SEEK_SET);
		}
 
		//Sleep, or do any other processing here
		usleep(100000);
	}
 
	return 0;
}

This example can be run as "./irqtest 48" which will echo every time the pin changes but not consume any CPU time while waiting for an edge to occur.